Many animals believed to be sacred in the belief culture of the Turkish world have become important representatives of the peoples with their symbolic features. With their superior powers in natural life and their charismatic qualities (leadership, protection, strength, etc.), they gained the admiration of the tribes and made them believe that they had a holy spirit. Every people who sanctified the animals chose an animal as a tug, and displayed it in their flags, khan's tents and stamps, shamans, drums, clothes, and hoods. The wolf cult and its manifestation as wolf-father and wolf-mother cult which are symbolically significant among Turkish cultural assets came into existence as a guide, protector and bloodline keeper-saver. In this article, which is prepared basing on the ancient Turkish legends, the importance of the wolf for Turkish people will be stressed and its effects on Turkish people’s lives in the past and the present will be shown. The examples from the Middle Asian, Oghuz and Anatolian myths and epics which are about the belief that Turks descended from wolves will be presented and their effects on folk belief will be discussed. In this article, we will emphasize how the objects belonging to wolves affected the “birth facilitation methods” in the framework of its divine ability to continue bloodline and we will emphasize how the wolf-ancestor belief affected the traditions. As a conclusion, the fact that the wolf motive still keeps its value today due to Turkish people’s traditionalist approach, the wolf’s contribution to biological continuance and through which objects it contributes to birth facilitation methods will be discussed.
Key Words: Wolf, tradition, cult, ancestor, belief, mother.