Hüseyin Ali Efendi from Edirne (d. 1058/1648) who was one of the 17th century poets, writers and historians is a sophisticated scholar who has produced works in literature, history and Islamic sciences. Riyazü’t-teracim is a prose written by the poet in the field of biography. The work was written in alphabetical system like Ibn Hallikan (d. 681/1282) who was a famous biographer lived in the 13th century and completed in 1041/1631-1632. More than three hundred scholars, poets and famous people are included in the work in which there are preface and index other than the main section consists of biographies. Riyazü’t-teracim is an important work since it includes a large number of personalities’s biographies most of them have given work in basic Islamic sciences such as commentary, hadith, fiqh and Arabic language and literature. The main features, works, legends, place and the date of death and poems, if any, of the important personalities of Islamic history are included in the work which was written by using leading tabaqat and ensab writers’ works. In this article, Riyazü’t-teracim is introduced and its place and importance in classical Turkish literature is discoursed.
Classical Turkish literature, Hüseyin Ali Efendi from Edirne, Riyazü’t-teracim, biography.