Communication can be simply defined as the process of producing, transferring and making sense of information. With its emergence and spread, mass communication, which has brought new dimensions to communication between people, affect and even determine individuals' level of knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. In mainstream mass communication theories, it is argued that mass communication is off critically beneficial functions for the general public. The criticisms brought to these tools are that they are mostly handled as independent 'subjects' acting on their own. Mass communication, on the other hand, is focused more on its effects on social responsibility, sexual discrimination, violence, content control and ethics. Mass communication, like everything that is social, is a part of the social structure and has been affected by the changes in the social structure and has affected it in the historical process. This study tries to explain the political background of television, which is still one of the most preferred means of mass media. As the main question of the study, “What background philosophies do mass media serve for and believe in what kind of individuals should be grown for the society?” was determined. The purpose of this study is to lay bare the arguments of different political ideas over the effect of television on directing and shaping the society in Turkey and as well as the background philosophy of television programs to reveal the targeted political and economic purposes and to comment on the policies in the field of culture and identity that power holders of television want to create in the society.
Communication, Mass Communication, Television and Society