The literary quality of a text depends on its fiction. This is closely related to Aristotle's concepts of “mimesis” (reflection) and “katharsis” (purification). Because, the real life event or situation is presented in an aesthetic way by being re-handled with the elements of fiction in the fictional world. Thus, it is ensured that the reader travels through this fictional world and finally reaches the meaning of the text. Therefore, the author selects the material of the fiction from the outside world, but expresses it in the inner world of the work from his own point of view. While the story itself reflects people who live in a certain way, it is actually the fact of life that is pointed out. In this study, Orhan Hançerlioğlu's "Toprak" story is discussed in terms of the transformation of factual reality into fictional reality in the literary work and the production process of the text is tried to be put forward.
Narrative components, fiction, story, discourse,