ISSN:2149-9225

THE FIRST STEP OF THE NATIONAL STRUGGLE: THE 9. ARMY INSPECTORATE


At the end of the First World War, the Ottoman Empire remained on the side of the defeated. The Ottoman Empire signed the Mudros Armistice on October 30, 1918, which caused the state to fail and a new struggle has started. As per article 7 of the Armistace, the Entente States started to occupy some parts of the country in the first days of November without delay. Mustafa Kemal Pasha, the Commander of Yıldırım Armies Group Command, came to Istanbul on November 13, 1918. When he was sailing from Haydarpaşa to Sirkeci, he saw the navy of the Allied Powers in the Bosphorus and he said to his youngster, "They go as they come". He worked for the realization of this struggle in about six months during his stay in Istanbul. At the end of their works, Mustafa Kemal and his friends found Anatolia as a solution. Mustafa Kemal Pasha tried to catch a suitable opportunity with the idea that it would contribute to the struggle to be carried out with wide powers while passing to Anatolia. He seized this opportunity as the 9th Army Inspector.


Keywords


Mustafa Kemal Pasha, Samsun, Bandırma Ferry, Army Inspectorate

Author : Mehmet Hakan ÖZÇELİK
Number of pages: 194-211
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/kesit.41911
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