THE FACT OF “REQUEST” IN DEONTIC MODALITY IN TURKISH: AN ANALYSIS ON THE BASIS OF PALMER MODEL
TÜRKÇEDE YÜKÜMLÜLÜK KİPLİĞİNDE “İSTEK” UNSURU: PALMER MODELİ TEMELİNDE BİR ANALİZ

Author : Ferhat KARABULUT - Elanur KAZANLAR ÜRKMEZ
Number of pages : 73-84

Abstract

The deontic modality which expresses the obliger attitudes of the speaker towards the realization of the action of a proposition, is divided into three types by Palmer (2001): permissive, obligative and commissive. In this study, rather than the obligation of the sub-modality types, the concept of desire, which is common to all three modality types, is emphasized. In traditional grammar studies, the mode system is divided into indicative mood and subjunctive mood. While indicative moods are related to tense, subjunctive moods are considered as wish-request moods because they carry the concept of desire. The concept of desire in deontic modality, which is largely similar to the subtypes of subjunctive moods, was seen as an issue to be emphasized. In our study, after briefly informing about the deontic modality and the concept of desire, in Palmer's deontic modality (permissive, obligative and commissive) consept of desire is explained in two ways: speaking-oriented and agent-oriented.

Keywords

Turkish, modality, deontic modality, volition, commissive, permissive, obligative

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